In Savarkundla and nearby Gir regions, borewell water is so hot that it takes a whole night to cool down. No cold water for bathing in summer unless provision is made in advance. What is found is hot enough to burn delicate skin. There are hot water tanks in Tulsi Shyam and elsewhere in Gir. Vaghai is near Bilimora in South Gujarat. If you go a little south, you are in Vajreshwari. A hearth of fire emanating from the ground near Kodinar continues to burn. People go there to cook on special occasions.
Heat is universal in the subsurface of the earth. Fiery red lava is filled but its surface, i.e. 1000 to 2000 feet below, also has numerous sources of heat and fire. If all of these could be harnessed or brought to Earth with heat, the energy and human carbon footprint could be significantly reduced, and the current Russia-Ukraine war in this regard has given a new impetus, especially to the Western world, to develop and exploit new technologies. Springboard, provided by Chanak.
The idea of harnessing the heat of volcanoes and their surrounding subsurface is not new. For years, scientists have been researching and studying how to generate electricity from volcanoes. Scientists have succeeded in reaching the core of a volcano by drilling into the top layer of an extinct volcano under the ice-covered earth of Iceland. The volcano at Reykjanis has been dormant for 700 years. Researchers have bored 3 miles deep into it from the ground surface which is about 5 Km. As much as possible. It has heat of up to 800 degrees Fahrenheit (427 degrees Celsius) in some places, which is in the form of geothermal energy.
Geothermal energy was previously used to capture steam and use its pressure to drive electric turbines, but new research hopes to convert geothermal heat into electricity underground. The new technology will be based on supercritical water. Scientists say that the extreme heat from underground and the enormous pressure of the rocks and the water itself creates a ‘supercritical’ state of water, which is water that is neither completely liquid nor completely gaseous. This dense liquid vapor carries more energy than normal vapor.
10 times more energy is obtained from this supercritical water than from normal geothermal steam. More research is being done on this topic worldwide. A fear is also being served that if more and more heat is brought to the surface from the Earth’s surface, won’t the Earth’s atmosphere become hotter? Science will find a solution for that too but today the earth gets hot by burning coal, gas for electricity, the amount of carbon dioxide on the earth increases rapidly which is the first order villain of the environment, so geothermal will be a blessing which will help to clean the carbon footprint on the earth. will happen
We talked about the technology of drilling a hole in a volcano. It is a technology that requires a lot of money investment and still requires a lot of research, but people in cold regions today can increase the use of conventional geothermal and save electricity and gas and create an innocent alternative. We have an example right in front of us. The public of Savarkundla, which receives improved water. They do not need hot water for bathing in winter. Unless it has cooled down, our country is hot. Hot water is needed for two to three months in winter. Many do not like to bathe in water containing sulfur and minerals but in Europe where the climate stays cold for about 10 months and people keep their heaters on 24 hours a day to keep their homes warm. What if they get warmth and warmth from the ground itself?
The West imposed economic sanctions on Russia over its invasion of Ukraine, but Russia supplied most of Europe’s energy. Suddenly they couldn’t stop buying oil and gas from Russia. If they do, the people of Europe will freeze in the cold. Putin was obviously aware of this European compulsion because until recently there were plans to build another advanced pipeline to deliver oil and gas from Russia to Europe. Germany has to buy oil and gas from Russia against its will. Industrial development is also very necessary to continue. It is true that Western countries have imposed economic sanctions on Russia, but they themselves are suffering the worst consequences. If calculated in terms of rupees, petrol is currently available at a price of more than 200 rupees per liter in most of the European countries. Where to talk about keeping the house warm?
Poor Brits and Europeans can’t afford to keep the house warm. Put two blankets instead of one. Exercises but as necessity is born of invention, they have developed and adopted a new method that is Geothermal. Brian Piper, an elderly man from a village in Cornwall, Britain, has been fighting to protect the environment for years. The literature of ways to save the earth from warming is printed from time to time and distributed among the people. Among the many solutions, one solution that has been proposed is to install heat pumps underground. A small factory in England manufactures these types of heat pumps.
However, the current cost of those pumps, installed underground, is more than Rs 20 lakhs. On an individual level, the cost is a big hurdle, but pump maker Kensa Utilities plans to lay a network of pipes underground, providing heat to villagers collectively through a grid. The company has taken a loan from the European Union for the same and the villagers supported the demand for the loan as the project, which will connect many houses in the town, will cost a lot. A loan of 62 crore rupees has been given by the European Union alone. Hundreds of homes in the Cornwall area will be connected to this steam-heat network. Digging of deep borewells has started at many places.
This would be like a network of cooking gas pipes. The heat will reach every home by receiving the heat from under the underground rocks. Non-flammable plastic pipelines will be laid in deep bores and brought to the ground and each house’s own heat pump will convert the steam into heat and provide it to the house as needed. There are some heat pumps that absorb heat from the air instead of these heat pumps will get the heat and energy directly from the hot steam. So will be more efficient. It seems that the imaginative and enterprising entrepreneurs of the machine industry of Rajkot will find a large and new production area. Pilot projects have started elsewhere in the UK.
Developers are also to include it in the new collective housing scheme. Older style houses and structures that are going to install this system will have to make some expensive modifications. It is said that the underground network of pipes will serve for 100 years. These schemes seem to be so promising that the number of people who want to join them is more than expected. If the plans succeed, it will be a radical change in home-warming technology. After feeling the heat of the last five months in India, I feel like asking God a question! Why not put those ice deposits under our soil?