Hydrogen is a great option if it can be used as a fuel for vehicles and aircraft. It does not spread any pollution. Zero pollution, it is abundantly available on earth. It can be particularly useful as an aircraft fuel. Because today’s petroleum fuel used in airplanes has less energy relative to its weight whereas nitrogen has more energy relative to its weight.
It simply means that the aircraft can fly further with less weight. There is an advantage in terms of pollution and it can go far with less weight so it is more economical. Airplanes can have more space for cargo or passengers. Apart from this, sustainable synthetic fuel that can be used repeatedly can be prepared by mixing hydrogen with carbon. This requires only pulling carbon from the air. Carbon sequestration also reduces pollution.
Thus there are many possibilities of adding fragrance to gold before science, but it is not so easy to realize it. Preparing or building the technology for that is not a big problem either. The problem is liquid hydrogen itself, which scientists and technologists have been working for decades to find ways to safely transport to Cuba. Little by little success is achieved and thus hope for the future remains. The challenges that are being seen will also be solved.
At the time when hydrogen is used as a fuel, pollution, monopoly of mineral oil in the environmental world, etc., many vices or slavery will also end and the chances of that will gradually increase. One section believes that the fuel of the future will be electricity, especially as a fuel for vehicles. Another class believes that there will be hydrogen. India’s Indian Oil Corporation gives higher marks to hydrogen. If the electricity is to be generated by burning oil, coal in the traditional way, it will not reduce the pollution, it will only change the places where the pollution ends. Apart from this, the construction of batteries to store electrical energy will give rise to other dimensions of pollution. Ultimately, mankind will live everywhere using electric vehicles.
Hydrogen would be a better option. Inspired by this idea, France’s Airbus, the world’s number one producer of passenger and other aircraft, has embarked on developing technology for hydrogen-powered aircraft. Airbus’s Superjumbo 380 aircraft is known in the world. This is the largest aircraft carrying passengers. One of the biggest challenges and targets facing the aviation industry is reducing carbon emissions, as is the motor vehicle industry. Now the Airbus company is preparing to experiment with hydrogen powered engines in the A3809 aircraft.
Many computers, many engineers are involved in its experiments and data collection. The aircraft manufacturing industry wants to produce and fly planes that generate zero pollution by the year 2035. Airbus wants to start test flights of hydrogen-powered planes by the end of 2026. Although medium or small aircraft will be flown with hydrogen engines, the A380 jumbo aircraft for its experiments can be equipped with all the materials to be selected and the computers, machinery, etc. for data collection. Is hydrogen currently proving successful as an aircraft fuel? It will be decided. And later accordingly, necessary changes will be made in the design and structure of the aircraft etc.
Airbus is not the only one experimenting. Rival company Boeing is also investigating the capabilities and possibilities of hydrogen. Boeing has been joined by other engine manufacturing companies and a variety of technologies are being tested. Several combinations of hydrogen and fuel are being experimented with. Such as the combination of electric batteries and hydrogen energy, etc. Boeing’s experiments in the matter of hydrogen are proceeding with caution. Boeing has been in bad shape ever since two to three aircraft suffered accidents due to Boeing’s technological flaws in the last five to ten years. Airbus has overtaken the once world’s number one company.
Airbus is seriously studying and experimenting with other technological options besides exploring fuel alternatives in the field of aviation. Migratory birds, hummingbirds, flamingos etc. fly in a triangle while flying, so there is no saving in their energy or not? Experiments conducted by Airbus have found that flying in this way significantly reduces the energy consumption of birds. The way the air is blown by it reduces the wind shock for the birds and if the planes fly at the same angle, they have to endure less wind buffeting. Result: less power is used and fuel is saved.
The first challenge with hydrogen is to store it safely in an aircraft. It has to be kept at minus 253 degrees Celsius in the aircraft and converted to gas before it can be used as fuel. The gas that burns produces a much higher temperature than current jet fuel (gasoline). Therefore, special cooling systems, equipment and coatings etc. have to be developed. Meeting all these challenges will require new designs of aircraft and even the construction of new style airports. Currently, if we use the metaphor for new technology, the runway is being prepared. After take off will understand why and how much the plane will fly?